What can you do with a phd in molecular biology26.04.2021
Biochemistry is a scientific field that combines knowledge from a number of different content areas. Biochemistry is based on the principles of biology and chemistry.
But biochemistry also applies knowledge from other disciplines, including mathematics, genetics, and physics. Biochemists have a vitally important influence on our everyday life because they help create and test new food products, new agricultural techniques, and new drugs.
Biochemistry is a very popular undergraduate degree, and one that allows the degree holder access to a variety of good jobs. Biochemistry majors need basic English and mathematics skills and will also usually take courses in physics See Reference 1. Within the major students will take courses in organic and inorganic chemistry, molecular biology, cell biology, and microbiology. It is also a good idea to try to find an internship in the field, perhaps during the summer months. Internships help students get a better idea of what working as a biochemist will be like and makes it easier to choose a job that is a good fit.
Biochemists learn a variety of skills that help them be effective scientists. In addition to good mathematics and writing skills, biochemists must be able to work well with others and to communicate their ideas effectively.
Biochemists must know how to use complex scientific equipment, how to carefully and efficiently record and analyze data, and be knowledgeable in statistical analysis. Biochemists must be able to use inductive reasoning to develop theories and principles on the basis of observations that they observe. And they must also be able to test existing theories scientifically using deductive logic. Biochemists who work in business should also have basic knowledge about regulations, and good management skills.
There are many jobs available to people who have obtained a degree in biochemistry, including work in federal government labs, state and local government labs, pharmaceutical companies, biotechnology firms, cosmetic manufacturers, and chemical and petroleum industries. It is also possible to start your own company. More jobs are available for students who have completed advanced degrees including the PhD See Reference 2.
This includes biochemists with both BA and PhD degrees. The BLS also indicates that careers in biochemistry are likely to increase. The job outlook for biochemists is expected to grow by over 30 percent bywhich is much faster than the average growth across all occupations See Reference 3. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
In31, people were employed in the U.Are you interested in the study of the building blocks of matter? A doctorate in Molecular Biology might be an option for you. However, Ph. A blend of classroom and online coursework is typical for this type of degree program. Luckily, there are very few schools that offer hybrid learning in attaining a doctorate in molecular biology. Do not be discouraged about the rarity of the completely online programs of this degree since some schools or universities can offer you a flexible and convenient way of earning your degree through a self-paced and untraditional format of learning.
Mol Biol graduate programs are designed to provide students the skills and knowledge they need for possible employment opportunities in agriculture, biotechnology, and healthcare.
Molecular Biology is the study of the nature and structure of the molecular building blocks of matter and life. This study emphasizes the interactions between the different cells in the body, including the natures of DNA, RNA, and protein synthesis. This study of biosciences is an interaction of cell biology, biochemistry, and genetics. The discovery of genetic structures has proven to be one of the most notable developments in molecular biology. All these subdisciplines deal with the study of genetics, and other factors related to the building blocks of life.
If you already have a chosen university or school, it is wise to make sure an accrediting agency has certified it. Accreditation provides a strengthened reputation of a specific educational institution. After all, you must make sure that you do not want to waste your time and money only to get a degree that is not taken seriously by future potential employers. Moreover, accredited schools and universities allow you to apply for financial assistance to support your studies.
Each school has its financial assistance program to finance your studies. While there are regional accrediting agencies that schools and universities received recognition, there are also program-specific accreditations to be considered upon enrolling in the doctorate program of molecular biology.
However, it is not mandatory since the majority of these educational institutions already received regional accreditations. If you wish to strengthen your education with a full-packed accreditation from both regional and program-specific sectors, you must consider a Ph. Individuals who are interested in pursuing graduates studies to become professors or scientific researchers can opt for a Ph.
Its goal is to equip students to become successful professionals in research institutions, academia, biotechnology industries, the federal government, and pharmaceutical industries. Students interested in molecular biology have the opportunity to choose a specialization or elective courses that are related to molecular biology.
Graduates with a doctorate molecular biology program are qualified for a variety of professional career pathways in education, healthcare, and scientific institutions. They may also find employment opportunities in biomedical research and biotechnology research projects.
Molecular Biologists use scientific equipment to characterize, analyze, and study specimens or products. They maintain proper storage for samples, performing general laboratory processes to meet standards and qualifications. Also, they conduct research, identify and test methods to improve contents and technologies to create discoveries. With your Ph. Mol Biol, there is certainly an advantage since most employers prefer candidates that have a Ph.
One of the duties and responsibilities of being a molecular biologist is to be able to operate different laboratory equipment or machines such as spectrometers, electron and conventional microscopes, and X-ray equipment.
They must be able to troubleshoot minor breakdowns in the laboratory since most of their work is usually performed inside clinical laboratories. Molecular Biologists are required to keep themselves up-to-date with new findings and various techniques to be able to deliver effectively and coherently.
As part of their duties, some professionals are expected to attend conferences or seminars as well as visit collaborative or networking opportunities. The majority of these employers prefer molecular biologists who are interested in lifelong studies and learning. Moreover, they provide coaching, training, and mentoring programs to new or junior molecular biologists. How did he ever come up with the millions of cells that make up every living organism on this planet? There are several reasons why a Ph.Learn something new every day More Info Molecular biologists study topics such as cells, viruses, bacteria, or cell function.
Their work might also involve studying genetics and the mechanism of diseases. Typically, individuals who want to become molecular biologists tend to eventually seek the Doctor of Philosophy PhD degree because having a doctoral degree makes it more likely that they will be considered for a long-term or permanent job in a laboratory, university, pharmaceutical company, cosmetics company, food company, biotechnology company, or government agency.
Of course, getting a molecular biology PhD requires years of academic work. Doing an undergraduate major in biology can be helpful if you hope to eventually attain a molecular biology PhD.
If you do not major in biology, then majoring in chemistry or some other science-related area can be very helpful.
Also, if you hope to eventually get a molecular biology PhD, getting good grades can be an asset because a high grade point average GPA will impress prospective graduate programs and will make it more likely you will be accepted to a program which leads to the molecular biology PhD. Application to a molecular biology PhD program will usually occur either during the final year of the undergraduate degree or after two years of employment.
If you choose to apply to a doctoral program during your final year of college, you will need to carefully select professors who can write letters of recommendation and you will need to take the Graduate Record Examination GRE.
Also, you will need to fill out applications and write application essays for each graduate program you apply to. You might also have to go through interviews, if the programs you apply to require that.
Once selected for a doctoral program, you will have to successfully complete the required coursework while maintaining whatever grade point average GPA the program has set as a requirement for doctoral students to remain in good academic standing.
The doctoral coursework typically takes at least four years and will include courses such as biochemistrygenetic analysisprokaryotic molecular research, and eukaryotic molecular research. In addition, you will be required to complete pre- dissertation research projects where you will do supervised molecular biology research work.
Also, you will have to complete a dissertation which showcases your research skills. The dissertation process will involve your reading a lot of literature, identifying a dissertation topic, doing original research, presenting your research in writing, and verbally defending your research per the requirements of your dissertation committee. Then, upon completion of the dissertation, you will attain the PhD in molecular biology.
KoiwiGal - The problem for some people is that, at the moment we know so much about biology already that in order to really get into a good job you have to have a Masters degree at a minimum, and most people would recommend a PhD.
And even then, you have to specialize as much as possible. In order to even understand the experimental processes in a particular scientific subject it's difficult to get away with not specializing because there is so much to learn. Some people are naturally inclined towards that kind of specialization, but others, who might otherwise make great scientists, don't want to focus on one particular subject to that extent.
KoiwiGal Post 2 pastanaga - To each their own, but I would never call it boring. Particularly when you get to work with a microscope. Studying bacteria and viruses and other tiny organisms is actually quite fascinating. There's a whole world, hidden away in a drop of pond water, with complex systems to be unraveled.
And the cells of larger creatures are also very interesting. They have such a lot of functions, I find it an incredible miracle that they managed to evolve to this point.
I think getting a degree in molecular microbiology would actually be very fulfilling, and, besides that, I imagine it's quite a lucrative field to go into. I loved plants and animals and studying their growth and social patterns and other things like that, but once you get down to the molecular level it all seems so mechanical. And it seems like most of the time it's just dry experiments over a microscope, rather than actually getting to interact with subjects, which I also think is fairly uninteresting.
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Thank you for helping to improve wiseGEEK! View slideshow of images above. Watch the Did-You-Know slideshow.Meet PhD Molecular and Cellular Biology student Lizzie Glennon
Follow wiseGEEK.Molecular Biology emphasizes the study of molecules that make up an organism and the forces operating among these molecules. Increasingly, molecular biologists can also explore the genetic control of these molecules and thus define the developmental, cellular and subcellular changes that occur during the dynamic processes of life. Virtually every question, whether in biochemistry, cell biology, developmental biology, or some other biological discipline, applies molecular biology, often as the prime approach, in its solution.
Biochemical and molecular developments have revolutionized biological research, fueling the explosive growth in the biotechnology industry and rapid increase of molecular medicine.
The Molecular Biology major provides a strong background for many science careers, and may be completed along one of two distinct tracks: a Biochemistry or b Cell and Developmental Biology.
Both tracks incorporate the requirements expected for admission to medical, dental, and other health-professional schools, and to graduate schools in biochemistry, cell and molecular biology, and related disciplines see our guide for applying to graduate schools for more information. Positions for molecular biologists at the BS, MS, and PhD levels are available in the biotechnology industries as well as in universities, medical schools, hospitals, government laboratories, research institutes, and public health institutions.
Skip to main content. What can you do with this major?I am currently a fifth year graduate student well on my way to earning my Ph. These days, however, this question has taken on a new meaning. In reality, this is not actually feasible for the majority of graduate students, but, luckily, there are many other exciting paths graduates can take. In the past, this career progression has traditionally been thought of as the path most Ph.
Assistant professors go up for review before they are granted associate professor status. Once they achieve associate professor status tenuredtheir jobs are very secure and they can be promoted to full professor through research and teaching accomplishments.
The traditional academic route in the United States follows the linear path shown in Figure 1. In this scheme, hopeful young Ph. Graduating from a Ph. From here, the fresh Ph. Postdocs tend to work much more independently than graduate students and are supposed to devote all of their working hours to research, but still work under the mentorship of a chosen professor. During this period, postdocs build their resumes by developing further experimental expertise, continuing to publish papers, and writing research grants to get their work funded.
Many also feel that postdocs are not adequately trained: despite the fact that postdocs will essentially become managers on top of researchers if they land jobs as professors, they get little formal managerial training or instruction on how to successfully run a lab. In addition, as many postdocs are in their early thirties, this training can be a particularly difficult period as they try to balance starting families with devoting themselves to research.
Nonetheless, after a postdoc has published thoroughly and achieved some degree of success, he or she can begin applying for faculty positions. At this point we come across the most egregious problem with the traditional academic route. In fact, while roughly 36, science and engineering Ph. It is currently impossible for academic institutions to absorb all of the science and engineering Ph. The precise reasons for this precarious situation are not well mapped out, but some possible causes are the extreme stability of tenured positions tenured professors can stay in their positions for many years resulting in few vacancies, the need for a cheap labor source in the biomedical sciences, and the doubling of the NIH budget from In particular, when the NIH budged was doubled fromdegree granting institutions received more money for research and increased the number of Ph.
Regardless, with the large imbalance between the number of new biomedical Ph. Fortunately, the career path for Ph. If a Ph. In fact, from a simple employment perspective those with Ph. In Februarythe unemployment rate for the general U. This is similar to the 2. There has been a recent drop in Ph.
More details about many careers can be found in Table 1. These low unemployment statistics clearly mean one thing: there are many jobs for Ph. Rather than following the linear academic route presented in Figure 1, most Ph. Some of these positions are research oriented and some are not. A smattering of these career possibilities is presented in Table 1. These careers have a large range of salaries and life styles that can differ substantially from those expected for professors.
Despite this reality, many institutions still structure their Ph. This will hopefully change in the near future. It has additionally been recommended that universities create shorter programs wherein scientists interested in non-academic careers can get the training they need without having to do an entire Ph. Such programs would still be science oriented but would better prepare students for lives outside of academia than a traditional Ph. This focus on the branching career path for Ph.The road is long and complex, but those with the drive, determination and burning desire for biological research may find fulfillment.
Acquiring the appropriate experience and knowledge as an undergraduate is key to gaining entrance into your graduate school of choice. By pursuing a bachelor's degree in biology or a related field, you'll build a good foundation for a strong grad school application. Brown University recommends choosing coursework that exposes you to individual research, since self-directed research is a major component of doctoral work and post-doctoral employment. And be sure to study. Subpar grade point averages in any coursework could hold you back.
Also, working as a teaching assistant can afford opportunities to teach and lecture in small groups and labs, also desired experience for doctoral candidates. As you're winding down your undergraduate studies, begin to research graduate school options.
Reference Peterson's Guide, which summarizes graduate programs across the country and their areas of expertise, to narrow your search for a quality school.
Research specific areas of biology that you may want to study more in-depth. If you know you want to study molecular biology, for example, be sure that there are several faculty members in that area of study to advise you. If you're unsure of your specialty, consider choosing a school with a faculty that is evenly distributed across other commonly selected focuses, such as cellular biology and immunology. The application process for a doctoral program, which often includes the completion of a master's degree, can be lengthy and involved.
Most schools, including the New Jersey Institute of Technology, require a grade point average of 3.
Many schools require good undergraduate grades in chemistry, physics, biology and calculus. Applications also include some standard requirements for any graduate school, such as college transcripts and letters of recommendation. Some universities, such as Massachusetts Institute of Technology, require you to complete a year of graduate study and an additional exam during your second year before being formally admitted to a doctoral program.
Once you've successfully become a doctoral candidate, you can expect to work through several phases, taking about four to five years to complete. Initially, you'll take coursework in research methods or to fill in gaps missed during your undergraduate years. Most doctoral students then teach some undergraduate courses or act as teaching assistants for tenured professors.
The bulk of your latter years will be spent researching your thesis topic under the advisement of a faculty mentor and taking courses that are specific to this area of study, such as computational neuroscience. You may also attend relevant seminars, conferences and work on committees.
The defining component of a doctoral program is the proposal, research, writing and defense of a thesis or dissertation. Gain initial approval of your topic by submitting a proposal, complete with annotated figures if it will assist in explaining complicated biological experiments that will be required.
Biology PhD jobs
The dissertation typically incorporates analysis and conclusions drawn from large amounts of primary research. During the compilation of your thesis, you will often receive regular feedback from peers and faculty members. Once it is complete, candidates must present and defend their research to a faculty panel; students may be present for a portion of the defense. After you answer in-depth questions on the topic of study, faculty members confer in private and decide whether to accept or reject the dissertation, which is the final stage of earning your Ph.
This article was written by The Classroom team, copy edited and fact checked through a multi-point auditing system, in efforts to ensure our readers only receive the best information. How to Get a Ph. About the Author.Careers in biology are as varied as the people who pursue them. A degree in biology can be the first step to a career in research, health care, environmental protection, or even education. What Do Biologists Do? You might find yourself asking, What does a biologist do?
There's not just one answer; in fact, there are so many things you can do with a biology degree. A bachelor of science BS degree in biology can help prepare you for a future that includes research, lab work, and graduate or medical school, among many other career options. While the field of biology is broad and offers many possible career outcomes, the industry as a whole is expected to increase over the ten five years and continues to be as expansive and diverse as ever. There are many occupations you can pursue with a biology degree.
Below are some examples of these careers and what you can expect to make if you decide to work in any these fields. Often, researchers conduct clinical trials and employ other investigative methods to learn about preventing and treating diseases. Medical Researchers work to study human health through clinical trials and researching. They analyze diseases in order to develop cures and treatment procedures in order to prevent the spread of illnesses.
Most medical researchers work in offices or laboratories, and they typically need an advanced degree. A combination of engineering and biology, the field of biomedical engineering involves designing and creating medical equipment, devices, computer systems and software that are used in health care settings.
A biomedical engineer uses biology to develop medicine and physical cures for illnesses and injuries in a broad sense. Their responsibilities can range from creating medicinal treatments, artificial limbs, pacemakers, and implantable medical devices depending on the specialty of the career. Biology coursework can prepare you for success in veterinary school or go into other areas of animal care. Veterinarians are doctors that specialize in animal care and their responsibilities include the normal daily care of animals, specialty surgeries and medical treatment for animal illnesses.
Conservationists can work in laboratories, museums, universities or at various other sites around the world. Conservationists also work to preserve history in museums and are employed as professors at universities. Genetic counselors work with families to evaluate their risk of inherited medical conditions and provide them with support and options for the future. In addition to a degree in biology, genetic counselors also have medical degrees.
Quality control involves making sure a company or lab is in compliance with regulatory requirements through auditing and other quality assurance methods. Of course, you also have the opportunity to continue your education. As a science teacher, you will be working with students of various ages and educating them about science topics.
You will have the ability to create meaningful coursework to inspire younger generations of students. As a physician, you can expect to examine patients, diagnose illnesses, prescribe medicine and manage diagnostic tests. A biologist's salary can depend on a number of factors, including education level, geographic location, and industry. Biology degree graduates can move on to a wide variety of career opportunities and can also continue their education by furthering their degree.
Biologists can choose to focus their studies in one subfield of biology, including biochemistry, cellular biology, ecology, genetics, molecular biology, or physiology, although many of these fields overlap at times.